Weekly Head Voices #169: A cunning plan.

pretty evening clouds above my home
Beautiful evening skies above my house.

I just went through my notes.

As far as I can see now, the week from Monday April 8 to Sunday April 14 2019, although otherwise quite solid in terms of productivity and of The Important Stuff(tm), did not fare too well on the blog-worthiness scale.

About the exact implications of this discrepancy, I am also not entirely sure.

Nonetheless, my mission at this moment is to try and give you something entertaining and/or educational, and for this I have a cunning plan…

nimfatuation is now OVER.

;; consider reading this section if this line of code is clear to you
(if (not (are-nerd you)) (skip-this-section))

Last week, I had happily started diving into the nim language and its ecosystem.

I was quite happy to hear that in addition to the enjoyment it had given me, the spark had jumped over to at least one other peep (O HAI THERE S!) via these writings.

However, after getting deeper into jester’s multi-threading intricacies and discovering that I could not get run-time confirmation that my requests were being handled by separate threads, I returned to my initial target language for this experiment of rewriting, namely f#!

nim is really a great little experiment: It consists of higher level abstractions that compile down to C, and it’s quite amazing to see what this enables one to do.

However, I require something richer and more functional for my language learning slot.

As I have written previously, f# hits all six of my 2018 PL-requirements.

In addition to the qualities of the language itself, dotnet core 3, currently at preview 3, is showing great progress, also in terms of memory efficiency and raw performance.

I spent some time during the past week to re-re-implement my nim-re-implementation of parts of isso, again purely for learning purposes.

(As an aside, it’s interesting how close such a real-world example enables one to get to using a tool or language in anger.)

Here’s a fragment from my learning experiment, because if you’re like me you’ll want to see what f# looks like:

let getCommentsHandler : HttpHandler =
    fun (next : HttpFunc) (ctx : HttpContext) ->
        task {
            // going from normal str -> Result to str -> Task<Result>,
            // so unfortunately no railway OP here.
            match ctx.GetQueryStringValue "uri" with
            | Error _ -> return! setStatusCode 404 next ctx
            | Ok uri ->
                match! getThreadForUriAsync uri with
                | Ok thread ->
                    match! getCommentsForThreadId thread.id with
                    | Ok comments -> return! json comments next ctx
                    | Error msg -> return! (setStatusCode 404 >=> text msg) next ctx
                | Error msg -> return! (setStatusCode 404 >=> text msg) next ctx

This is a Giraffe handler that handles a request with a uri query parameter. First it looks up the comment thread in the isso database. If it finds a thread, it looks up the comments and returns the whole list as JSON.

As you can see, there is error handling at every level.

F# code is expressive, but it is also fully typed. In this case it is executed asynchronously (that’s what the task {} and the !s are for), with the asynchronous tasks distributed over threads.

In other words, we have a compiled functional language with Python-level expressivity with really strong (and easy!) concurrency support.

If there had been no need for asynchrony, the code above could have been rewritten following the railway-oriented programming idea (from memory, not tested, as one does!):

// create chain of input -> Result calls using the railway operator
// an Error anywhere will exit from the chain and can be handled by caller
let getCommentsForRequest (ctx: HttpContext) =
    ctx.GetQueryStringValue "uri"
    >>= getThreadIdForUri
    >>= getCommentsForThreadId    

fun (next : HttpFunc) (ctx : HttpContext) ->
    match getCommentsForRequest ctx with
    | Ok comments -> return! json comments next ctx
    | Error msg -> return! (setStatusCode 404 >=> text msg) next ctx

During this exercise, I found F# Interactive (the built-in repl) super useful to select and execute blocks of code from my source, Lisp-style, in order to get my database support up and running.

In terms of the learning journey, I have not even left my own village yet. However, F# seems to be triggering all of the right receptors.

Someone is right on the internet.

My week might not have been the most blog-worthy, but, my goodness, the Wonderful World of Science has not been sitting still!

You see, in desperation I went rummaging through the recent additions to JBOP, aka my growing collection of Really Interesting PDFs, and I hand-picked a few tidbits worthy of casually mentioning during the undoubtedly erudite discussion at your next cocktail party!

Each millilitre of VO2 max reduces your risk of dying by 2.8%.

If we’ve run (I see what I did there) into each other more than once, I’ve probably mentioned last year’s publication of the Cleveland treadmill study where they put 122000 people on a treadmill (the study took 20 years) to show that being unfit on a treadmill is at least as risky (in terms of you dying) as being a smoker.

Well, last week the result of an even larger Swedish study, with 316137 participants, were reported at EuroPrevent 2019.

With each additional millilitre of oxygen per kilogram of body mass per minute (VO2 max, a cardiorespiratory fitness measure), the risk of all-cause mortality fell by 2.8%, and the risk of cardiovascular events fell by 3.2%.

According to at least one source, the range between poor and excellent VO2 max in most age segments for men and women is 20 millilitres or more.

At 2.8% per millilitre, that certainly makes one think!

HPV vaccine linked to dramatic drop in cervical disease.

Almost exactly 10 years ago, I wrote a post on this blog titled “You must vaccinate” because friends and acquaintances were asking questions which I found surprising on the one hand and quite alarming on the other.

At that point I thought that even the slowest among us would have caught up to the fact that there are an extremely large number of good reasons to vaccinate, and almost none not to.

It seems that I over-estimated the capabilities and size of the slow group…

It is now 10 years later, and the anti-vaxxers have managed to bring measles (and some friends) back from extinction.

Fortunately, there is also much to celebrate on the vaccination front.

Scotland started with their human papillomavirus vaccination programme 10 years ago, administering the vaccine to girls when they are at around 12 years of age.

Researchers now say that since then the HPV vaccine has “nearly wiped out cases of cervical pre-cancer in young women”.

What’s also heartening is that unvaccinated women also showed a reduction in disease, implying that the immunisation programme is protecting even more humans from the disease due to the herd effect.

(GOU#1 had her HPV shot at school last year. There were parents who complained. I don’t know if there were any refusers.)

I am still hopeful that one day all of these victories will contribute to the attrition of the irresponsibly dangerous anti-vaxx movement.

How The Matrix Built A Bullet-Proof Legacy.

Surprise! This one is not from science, but it was such an amazing read that I have to share.

If, like me, you saw The Matrix more times than you can count, you will also enjoy this write-up of how the whole project came together:

Extract from the book How 1999 blew up the Big Screen by Brian Raftery: HOW THE MATRIX BUILT A BULLET-PROOF LEGACY

You never write.

At Tuesday’s edition of the Helderberg Software Developers and Entrepreneurs meetup, organised by Wogan May (pssst, he has a personal blog with mostly weekly updates!) and myself, Johan Beyers talked about the personal resolution of doing a given amount of (personal) writing every day.

I try to do it once weekly with the WHV, and I mostly manage to make a few bullet points detailing my exploits every day, but the idea of additionally writing a few more prose-like paragraphs of thoughts every day really resonates with me.

Derek Sivers (he was a famous startup-person even before the whole startup boom, thanks Gerwin de Haan for that book so many years ago!) makes a good case for writing a few diary-like sentences every evening.

What’s even more intriguing, is his suggestion to maintain separate “Thoughts On” journals for various topics that you think about often. In my case, these could be for example “Thoughts on Programming Languages”, or “Thoughts on mindfulness for children”, or “Thoughts on the WHV rules for a contented life”, and so on.

I think it would be a cunning plan to give both of these additional writing practices a good go.

Let me know in the comments what you think!

photo taken at postcard cafe
You've seen photos like these before, but on this very day, I really liked how the clouds were creating patterns of light and dark created on the mountains in the distance.